fungal-toenail2Volumental, a Swedish based firm, has developed software with the capability to take a lifelike image of the foot for users to find a more exact shoe fit.  The image is said to be in 3D with the use of spatial awareness cameras. Founded in the Royal Institute of technology in Stockholm, became refutable need upon the realization that there are many inconsistencies between shoes and the size or shape of the foot. “Our vision is that the system of going around the stores, trying on lots of shoes or jeans and different products and having a problem of not knowing whether you are a medium or large …I think that system will be gone in 10 years. Instead it will be size me,” stated Caroline Walerud co-founder of Volumental.

Finding a proper fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are come factors to consider when it comes to investing in properly fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improperly fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, keeping properly fit shoes is vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about proper shoe fitting.

diabetic-foot-care3According to Amy Rushlow of Yahoo health, your constantly freeze feet may be due to something more serious than you thought. Blood in the body is warm and is a key factor in maintaining body temperature, have cold feet regularly may mean poor blood circulation in the feet. When the feet see reduced circulation, they will not be as warm. Additionally poor circulation in the feet has been linked to a few health issues such as smoking and diabetes.

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our podiatrist will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. It usually restricts the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development.

It can also cause:

-muscle pain      -numbness in legs

-cramps                                -skin discoloration

-weakness          -slower nail & hair growth

-stiffness             -erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes and or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, or who are over 50.

If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD, and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always see a doctor as they will help try and fit a regime that suits you. A doctor will also prescribe you medication which will help for PAD.  

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about poor circulation in the feet.

xrayAnne Tigwell of North Yorkshire recently underwent surgery after her big toe had started to feel extremely painful making it difficult to walk. Tigwell’s foot doctor diagnosed her with arthritis in the big toe where her cartilage had worn away and the joints in the toe were grinding against one another. Although treatment ranges from painkillers to screwing the joints in place, Tigwell was offered another option of replacing the head of the metatarsal in her big toe with plastic to reduce friction. Since the operation Tigwell has been able to walk without any pain and should be able to do so for another ten to 15 years.

Arthritis is a painful condition and arthritic foot care is necessary to avoid further complications. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any concerns contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about arthritic foot care.

ankle-injury4Danny Graham, striker of Sunderland, has donated money to a fund created to cover the cost ofJJ O’Donnell’s surgery. O’Donnell, the midfielder for Gateshead, is suffering from a rare foot condition known as sesamoiditis. The midfielder confirmed the news on his Twitter account, stating, “I’m not singling Danny out as, without everybody donating, I wouldn’t have ever reached my target, but a donation like that has left me speechless.”

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to fix a foot ailment. If you have any concerns about your foot and ankle needs contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to help with the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary are:

  • Removing foot deformities like bone spurs and bunions
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction
  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about foot surgery.

shoesAccording to Perrie Samotin of StyleCaster, smaller women of today are having an extremely difficult time finding the right shoe size. More often than not, if you are a woman with a shoe size smaller than size six, you will most likely be out of luck on finding fashionable and well-fitting shoes. This occurs since the average shoe size of women today stands between eight and a half and nine. Samotin found a list of high fashion brands that provide a range of shoes sizes sometimes starting at size four. J. Crew, Asos, Eileen Fisher and Sam Edelman are just a couple of brands with a wide range of shoe sizes; however, these smaller sizes are typically sold out quick.


Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. If you have any concerns about your feet contact podiatrist Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people that wear shoes that are ill-fitting, which affects their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to selecting the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot
  • When measuring your foot with your shoe on, add 1-2 inches to the size
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently
  • Purchase shoes later in the day as your feet swell as the day progresses
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat your feet right by choosing the right pair of shoes that can provide them comfort and mobility with minimal pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read More about getting the right shoe size.

toenail-fungus7According to a study featured in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 65 percent of patients living with plantar fasciitis saw relief with shockwave therapy. The study used 246 plantar fasciitis patients from all over the United States randomly receiving placebo, or extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) sessions three times a week reaching 2,000 impulses. Compared to the placebo group at 34.5 percent reduction of pain, the ESWT group saw a 69.2 percent reduction. Study author Dr. Hans Gollwitzer states, “Our study demonstrates that ESWT is effective in the treatment of chronic, recalcitrant cases of plantar fasciitis.”

Shockwave therapy is a treatment commonly used to treat various injuries and conditions, particularly plantar fasciitis in the feet. To learn more, consult with podiatrist Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will provide you with quality foot and ankle information and treatment.

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a new treatment option designed to treat bone conditions such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain, and others. Shockwave therapy uses high intensity sound waves that are directed to the affected tissues of the body with pinpoint accuracy. The effects are very beneficial, leading to a production of collagen fibers, eliminating inflammation.

Who Benefits from Shockwave?

Shockwave is recommended for patients suffering from heel pain and associated problems. Heel pain is a common condition which can be caused by obesity, overexertion, and spending a substantial amount of time on hard floors with your feet exposed and unsupported.

Fast and Easy

The therapy is actually a simple process that can leave patients feeling better the very next day. Shockwave therapy is not as dramatic as it sounds. It enables more blood flow to effected areas, attacking the source of the problem so treatment lasts for a long time.

Treatment & Recovery Time

Shockwave treatment will enable your feet to recover quickly. This is especially important since surgery is not required. It is cost effective and does not require the use of anesthesia. This treatment is a better option to surgery, since it is proven safe.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and treatment to treat your foot and ankle needs

Read more about Shockwave Therapy

highhealsA company has recently come under fire for trying to sell an infant version of high heels. The company called Pee Wee Pumps refers to the shoes as baby girl’s first fashion statement. Unfortunately many mothers are completely horrified by the shoes calling them inappropriate and “utterly hideous.” According to Martin Haines, Biomechanics Coach and Chartered Physiotherapist states that poor footwear can have a negative impact on their adult foot health.

“A shoe is needed to adapt to the child’s foot and so needs to be flat and flexible,” Haines stated, marking the heel as inappropriate for a child’s foot growth.

High heels can cause a ton of foot problems, especially on young developing feet. If you have any concerns about your feet contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet
High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity.  Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?
If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems.  Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet.  Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising.  If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work. 

Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock; you can buy either full inserts or metatarsal pads.  If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about the effects of high heels.

childrenAccording to J.T. Miller, children and younger relatives of the elderly should help them understand the importance of keeping their feet stable and healthy to prevent falls and other injuries. With age adults can become unsteady on their feet, so it is important to start with light exercising to make the legs and feet stronger for stability. Safe footwear with rubber soles and low heels is the safest type of shoe for the elderly with the addition for proper fit and foot support.

Canes and walkers are also available to aid in stability as well as a hand held grabber tool so they do not have to reach too high or low for certain items.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. For more information, consult with podiatrist Dr. Edwin S. Hart III from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

The Elderly and their Feet
As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away.  Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 
Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.

Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
Shoes that don’t fit properly
Pressure sores
Loss of circulation in legs & feet
Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections
Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Elderly and Feet

marthonThose who regularly participate in marathons are well aware of the mental and physical stress long distance running places on the body. At least 26.2 kinds of strains can occur.

The feet, in particular, are susceptible to blisters, chafing, calluses and lost toenails. The feet often become sweaty, and the constant pounding on the pavement can even cause trauma or the breakdown of red blood cells.

More serious issues, such as musculoskeletal problems and tendon injuries, can also result. Regardless of the strain, the feet should always be rewarded with rest after a race.

Blisters on the feet can be very inconvenient and especially painful whether you are a marathon runner or not. If you have any concerns about your foot and ankle needs, contact podiatrist Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Foot Blisters
Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What are Foot Blisters?
A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How do Blisters Form?
Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment
It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a band-aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister seek attention from a doctor.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about blisters on the feet.

childrenfootinjurysNonprofit company Shoes That Fit has been partnering with schools across the country to ensure that students are wearing shoes that properly fit.  Recently twenty-five members of Sole Fit Club visited Greenwood Elementary School where more than 100 students were fitted with the proper fitting shoe. The goal of the event was to improve their self-esteem while simultaneously allowing them to obtain better focus on their school work because of they now have shoes that fit correctly.

“ We can tell kids to wash their feet to avoid infection and change their socks every day, but when they don’t have proper shoes, their foot health is still not going to be good,” said event organizer Kathy Grigoropoulos.

Making sure that your child has the proper foot health is important as they grow up. If you have any questions contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

  • Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
  • Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.  Be sure the child wears comfortable and protective shoes so that they can grow into their feet properly.
As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

  • Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus
  • Be watchful of any pain or injury
  • Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
  • Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

Children of all ages are constantly developing and growing, and as a parent you want to make sure that nothing is hindering their maturation. This includes caring for their feet, as healthy feet are important in order to live a normal, fulfilling life.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read More about Keeping Children’s Feet Healthy

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