flatfleet2According to research published in the Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery, treatment and prevention of a flat foot can reduce the possibility of other major foot ailments. Flat fleet also known as partial or total collapse of the arch has been known to occur mostly in overweight males with blue collar jobs. Often time symptoms such as, pain, swelling, flattening of the arch, and rolling of the ankle, will go on ignored and untreated. Foot and Ankle Surgeon H. Ashley Ledger states, “Flatfoot disorder may gradually worsen to the point that many of the tendons and ligaments in the foot and ankle are simply overworking.” Early treatment is important in flatfeet since ignoring the condition can lead to even more serious conditions including arthritis and loss of function.

Certain sports and physical activities may become difficult for children with flat feet. If you suspect that your child has the condition, speak to Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will answer any of your foot and ankle related questions and attend to all of your podiatric needs.

What are Flat Feet?
Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

  • Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
  • Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
  • Knees – if you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms:

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe.
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle.
  • Flat look to one or both feet.
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment:
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

For more information about Flat Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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bunions35-year-old New York City resident Denise Maione-Schwind has undergone ‘Cinderella surgery,’ or a Bunionplasty, to correct the bony bump on the side of her left foot that has been keeping her from comfortably wearing high heels. Determined not to wear flats on a night out, the flight attendant would often spend her evenings at home to avoid pain caused by the bunion. Despite the severity of the procedure, Denise was able to walk within a week. Since having fully recovered, Denise now happily wears any shoe she desires without having to endure any pain. The NYC resident even hopes to one day run the New York Marathon, which would have been a difficult and painful feat prior to surgery.

To avoid extended pain, consider bunion treatment as soon as possible. For more information about bunion treatments, consult with Dr. Edwin S. Hart III from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

  • Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
  • Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Friday, 20 February 2015 00:00

Natural Remedies Capable of Treating Corns

cornsMany individuals believe that nature is sufficient in curing nearly anything. According to writers at the Outdoor Life, those suffering from corns on the feet can treat the thickened skin in natural ways. On one instance, those with corns can submerge their feet in a will tree bark and water solution for thirty minutes to soften the skin in the area.

Acorns can be especially helpful in removing ingrown toenails. Grind the acorns up, soak them in water, and then dunk your feet in for a surprisingly effective treatment. For blisters or lesions, apply crushed plantains or yarrow to the afflicted area and cover the wound with a bandage.

Although nature has many surprising aids and tips, it cannot resolve everything. If you have a corn or any other podiatric concern, contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart, D.P.M. of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What are they? And how do you get rid of them?

Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:
- Well-fitting socks
- Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
- Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns

Treating corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Salicylic acid can help in getting rid of these corns because it dissolves keratin, which is the protein that makes up a good majority of corns. Podiatrists recommend that people with diabetes not use salicylic acid but should consult with their podiatrist regarding the treatment of corns.

For more information about Corns on the Feet, follow the link below.

 

 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs

 

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Tuesday, 17 February 2015 00:00

Everyday Foot Care in the Winter

everyday foot careWinter is a season in which the feet are often neglected, as the feet are usually kept wrapped up in shoes. This makes winter foot care especially important. Keeping the feet healthy during the colder months is easy, however, with a few simple tips. Moisturizing the feet is one of the most important measures one can take to keep the feet looking fresh and healthy. Wearing thick shoes and thick socks during the winter is important to keep them protected from harsh temperatures, and can go a long way towards foot health. Pedicures and hot water treatments can help relax tense and weathered feet, while drinking plenty of water will help keep the skin hydrated.

Regardless of season or weather, everyday foot care should be practiced year round. For more information about everyday foot care, consult with Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart will provide you with the foot- and ankle information you seek.

Every Day Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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biomechanics9Recent research from the University of Queensland scientists has shed some light on the role foot muscles, other than the plantar fascia, play in arch support. The scientists conducted an experiment involving weights to prove this. Upon studying the movement of the muscles in the foot, it became clear that more muscles aid in arch support than originally thought.

Dr. Glen Lichtwark and his colleagues at the university conducted another experiment using electrical stimulation. When the electrical points were activated, the tissues in the arch began to rise. Lichtwark believes that this could play an innovative role for the feet when it comes to designing footwear, injury rehabilitation and understanding bipedalism.

The biomechanics are the cogs behind the gears that manage your feet. If you would like more information, see Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart can provide in-depth information as well as measure your personal foot biomechanics.   

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry.  

DiabeticA research team at Stanford University School of Medicine recently discovered a potential new way to quickly heal foot ulcers in diabetic patients. Dr. Geoffrey Gurthner and his colleagues developed a new drug, administered through a patch on the skin that increases a protein in diabetic patients and can reduce blockages in the blood vessels in order to allow wounds from the ulcers to heal properly.

For diabetics, foot ulcers can result in more drastic problems than just foot pain such as infections or amputations. The researchers studied the patch on a human skin apparatus that eventually proved to heal the skin 14 days faster than planned and even improved the overall quality of the skin where the ulcer once appeared. Dr. Gurthner and his research team also hope that high quality healing effects of this patch will be able to prevent ulcers from re-occurring in patients.

Diabetes is a very serious condition that can result in amputation or worse if left untreated. If you are diabetic and have any concerns, visit Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart can treat your diabetic feet.   

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people of all ages each year. Diabetes damages blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. When damage occurs to nerves in the feet, they may be unable to send the proper signals to the peripheral nervous system, resulting in a condition known as neuropathy. Once a diabetic patient develops neuropathy, it is imperative that the feet are well taken care of to avoid possible amputation of the feet.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

- Regularly check your feet for bruises or sores.
- Wear socks that fit your feet; socks shouldn’t be tight.
- Wear properly fitting shoes that are comfortable.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their Hemoglobin A1C levels as this test lets the physician know how well the blood sugar levels have been controlled during the past 3 months. It is important to keep the blood sugar levels in a normal range (70-110mg/dl). It is advisable to visit a podiatrist if the diabetic patient is experiencing any conditions involving the feet.

For more information about Diabetic Foot Care, follow the link below.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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nerve According to Surgeon Kris DiNucci who presented at the Annual Scientific Conference of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS), active women are more likely to develop neuromas than men. This discussion was held on the basis that women usually have a poor choice of footwear, many of which can be unsupportive, too narrow, and too flat.

The consequences of certain women’s footwear includes Morton’s Neuromas, a condition that occurs when the nerves of the fourth and fifth toe become inflamed along with swelling and the possibility of a burning sensation along those toes. Neuromas can be alleviated and prevented with the help of more supportive footwear. 

Morton’s neuroma can be a difficult condition to contend with. If you are experiencing symptoms of Morton’s Neuroma, talk to podiatrist Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart can diagnose and treat your feet accordingly.

 Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the third and fourth toe and the ball of the foot, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible to this condition. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.  Women are more likely than men to have an occurrence of this foot condition.

What Increases the Chances of having Morton’s Neuroma?

-Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot area.
-Jogging, running and any sports that involve constant impact to the foot area.
-Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformity may put you at a higher risk for developing Morton’s neuroma.

If you suspect that you may have this condition, you should visit your podiatrist. A podiatrist will first conduct a thorough physical examination to check for palpable masses between the bones of the foot.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

For more information on the treatment of diabetes, visit our link below.


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whatChildren can develop ingrown toenails in their feet from even the simplest of mistakes. For example, one of the most common ways a child develops an ingrown toenail is when his or her nails are cut too short. To prevent these ingrown toenails, cut their nails evenly and avoid trimming them down excessively. Keep in mind ingrown nails can also occur if a child wears socks and shoes that are too small for his or her feet.

Other cases of ingrown toenails can simply be caused by a genetic predisposition to curved nails. No matter the cause of the ingrown toenail, do not attempt to treat this condition at home. Removing an ingrown nail with a “bathroom surgery” can lead to a bacterial infection.

Ingrown toenails are terribly uncomfortable, and in the worst cases surgery might be required to get rid of them. If you think you have an ingrown toenail, consult with podiatrist Dr. Edwin Hart III of Maryland. Dr. Hart will confirm your diagnosis and do everything he can to treat your problem.

Ingrown Toenails Causes

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

There are a number of risk factors for ingrown toenails. Some include cutting your nails too short, participating in strenuous sports, diabetes, obesity, and fungal infection. Some are genetically predisposed to ingrown nails, although wearing ill-fitting or damp shoes can exacerbate the problem.

Treatment

There are a number of steps you can take to treat ingrown nails:

-Let your toenails grow out
-Soak the toes in hot water with antibiotic soap or Epsom salts
-Placing a piece of cotton under the affected nail may allow the toe to grow up instead of into the nail bed
-Rest with your feet up

If however, your pain is severe, or you see red streaks running up your leg, you should see a podiatrist. Your podiatrist may make a small incision and remove part of the toe nail to relieve the pressure. A local anesthetic may be used to lessen the discomfort of the operation.  Topical medication may also be prescribed to prevent the regrowth of the problem nail.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet all your needs.

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Tuesday, 30 December 2014 01:36

Treatment for Sufferers of Plantar Fasciitis

crackedAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one million Americans are seen by doctors for symptoms of plantar fasciitis each year. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the ligament that runs from the heel bone to the base of the tones becomes inflamed; the inflammation is was usually causes the heel pain. Plantar fasciitis can occur through obesity, having too high or too low of an arch, and participation of activities where your foot or heel hits the ground repeatedly such as running. Some ways to reduce the stress placed on the ligament include: icing, taping the arch and bottom of the foot, stretching the lower extremities, wearing orthotics, and taking anti-inflammatories. If those methods do not do the trick, cortisone injections, shockwave therapy, and extracorporeal pulse activation therapy can also be used.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, visit Dr. Edwin S. Hart III of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart can treat your heel pain as well as any other foot or ankle condition.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis refers to heel and arch pain caused by an inflammation of the connective tissues on the bottom of the foot.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Ill-fitting shoes
  • Weight change
  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices. 
  • Shockwave therapy – sends sound waves to the areas where pain is experience.  Requires multiple sessions.  This is used for very persistent cases of plantar fasciitis. 
  • Ultrasound-guided technique with steroid injections into the plantar fascia.  This is from a relatively new and small study, but was shown to be effective in most cases treated.

New Studies on Treatment

According to groundbreaking treatment option studies, Luca M. Sconfienza, M.D. says that ultrasound with steroid injections was effective in over 95% of cases that involve plantar fasciitis. This process involves anesthesia and is a single process, out-patient treatment that was discovered to be highly effective. Luca M. Sconfienza M.D. presented her study at an annual meeting for the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Be sure to speak with your podiatrist about different methods that can be used, as well as finding out what treatment options they offer.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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study 2 Data compiled from the soda-drinking habits of over 180,000 women indicates that U.S. women who drink one or more cups of sweetened beverages a day are about 63% more likely to get seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than those who drink less than that amount. Women over the age of 55 who drink soda are 164% more likely to get the disease. The study, referred to as the Nurses’ Health Study, didn’t find any connection between diet soda and RA or between sweetened soda and seronegative RA. Excessive consumption of sugary drinks has also been linked to the development of Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Rheumatoid Arthritis can become very painful and debilitating if left untreated.  For more information about various RA treatments, consult with Dr. Edwin Hart of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hart will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

- Swelling & pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet
- Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

For more information about rheumatoid arthritis please follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Bethlehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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