Tuesday, 19 July 2016 00:00

3-D Foot Scanner Technology

obesity feetA new 3-D foot scanner by Cyros uses eight pictures to quickly scan a patient’s foot with ease. The creators of the device firmly believe that their device is better than other 3-D scanners made by competitors. The scanner could aid in determining risks for diabetes, obesity, and arthritis. Foot scanners have grown in popularity during recent years, and they are very expensive. They can range anywhere from $10,000-$25,000 per unit. Although a price has yet to be determined for the Cyrus scanner, it is not expected to be near $25,000 like other high end scanners.

Any additional problems in the feet of those with obesity can be detrimental to foot health. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Obesity and your Feet

Since your feet are what support your entire weight when standing, any additional weight can result in pain and swelling. Being overweight is one of the main contributors to foot complications.

Problems & Complications

Extra Weight – Even putting on just a few extra pounds could create serious complications for your feet. As your weight increases, your balance and body will shift, creating new stresses on your feet. This uneven weight distribution can cause pain, even while doing the simplest tasks, such as walking.

Diabetes – People who are overweight are at serious risk of developing type-2 diabetes, which has a drastic impact on the health of your feet. As you get older, your diabetes might worsen, which could lead to loss of feeling in your feet, sores, and bruises. You could also become more prone to various infections.

Solutions 

Footwear – Specially made footwear that supports your joints, arches, and ankles, and allows room for good circulation is a great option to mitigate pressure and pain. A podiatrist will help you decide what works best for your specific needs.

Exercise – Exercise will help alleviate the pain and give your feet the strength it needs to support your body. Exercise also increases blood flow to your feet, allowing them to remain healthy and strong. 

Most importantly, seek the help of a podiatrist for foot care if something is wrong or doesn’t seem to be working. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about obesity and the feet.

Tuesday, 12 July 2016 00:00

Plantar Warts 101

childrens feet 2A plantar wart is a type of infection that is spread in areas where it is common to walk around with bare feet. Treatment varies depending on the type of wart that you have. Warts that have a mosaic pattern tend to be more difficult to cure compared to single warts. If drug store treatments don’t work, it is advised that you see a podiatrist.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Legions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, will help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about plantar warts.

Arthritis5Professional golfer Ian Poulter has had an arthritic joint in his foot for over two years, and it has kept him from maximizing his golf performance. This arthritic joint has caused him to fall down in rankings and has kept him away from golf for four months. Unfortunately for Poulter, his arthritis has worsened and has made him unable to continue taking cortisone shots to alleviate the pain. Continuous usage of cortisone shots can cause bone thinning and stress fractures.

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment,contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care                            

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about arthritic foot care.

Monday, 27 June 2016 00:00

Heel Pain can have Different Causes

heel pain01There are many different causes behind heel pain, including plantar fasciitis and heel spurs. Plantar fasciitis is a condition of the feet which results when the band of tissue that lines the sole of your foot becomes inflamed. Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits, or bone growths, form in your heel bone. Both conditions can be treated with physical therapy, an overnight splint, and orthotic inserts.

Anyone can wind up suffering from heel pain. For more information, contact Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

● Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

● Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

● Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

- Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  

- Wearing non-supportive shoes

- Weight change         

- Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a thing of the past.

With the advancements in technology and greater knowledge of how muscles and joints work, physical therapists can turn things around dramatically.  

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain

Arthritis5Arthritis is “a leading cause of disability among U.S. adults,” and “by 2030, an estimated 67 million Americans ages 18 or older will be diagnosed with the disease.” Rheumatoid arthritis is known as a common form of arthritis, affecting “approximately 1.5 million people in the United States.” As rheumatoid arthritis is chronic and attacks our bodies’ joint tissue, it’s important to know the symptoms. These usually range from dryness, irritation, and impairment of the eyes to shortness in breath.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

- Swelling & pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet
- Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more on Rheumatoid Arthritis

pregnancy6As a woman’s body is changing rapidly during her pregnancy, her feet become one of the most affected areas. “Roughly 75 percent of pregnant women experience edema,” described as the swelling of the feet due to fluid retention. As the pregnancy progresses along, blood circulation in the legs is decelerated, leading to fluid being retained in the tissues of the ankles and feet. Edema can lead to the woman’s feet increasing in shoe size, the feeling of swollenness, and pain. It’s important for women to see their doctor if necessary, stay hydrated, maintain a healthy diet, avoid standing or sitting for long periods, wear comfortable shoes and pants, and to keep the feet elevated.

Pregnant women are susceptible to aching and swollen feet and should be treated with care. If you are seeking treatment, see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward. This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages.

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read the more about Pregnancy and Foot Health

ankle injury4Tyler Seguin, center for the Dallas Stars, had to miss another playoff game due to the Achilles tendon injury that had him sidelined for a month. Seguin was unable to travel to Minnesota for Game 3 and was required to do more rehab for his injury in April. The status of his injury was day to day, described as a cut on his tendon. Seguin had missed the last 10 games of the regular season and the series opener due to the injury.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns,see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

- Inflammation

- Dull to Severe Pain

- Increased blood flow to the tendon

- Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot

- Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise

- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles tendon injuries.

broken foot6Singer Axl Rose of Guns N’ Roses was seen at a Los Angeles airport using a scooter to support his broken foot, which was wrapped in a cast. Rose had played for Coachella while sporting his broken foot, which he had sustained during his band’s first show in Las Vegas earlier in April. Rose is hopeful he will be able to walk unaided in a “in a couple of weeks.”

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. To learn more, see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue (foot)
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Broken Feet

slower walkingAs we get older, our feet become more prone to damage over time. “With every step you take over the years, your body [and your feet] absorbs two to three times its weight due to gravity.” This can lead to changes in your feet such as your increase in foot size in width and length and the development of foot conditions over time such as bunions or hammertoes. We also become more prone to diabetes and arthritis as we age, conditions which can greatly impact our feet. See your podiatrist often to have proper assessments done.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions

Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.

Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.

Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:

Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe

Shoes that don’t fit properly

Pressure sores

Loss of circulation in legs & feet

Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Elderly and Feet

toenail fungus7As feet contain ¼ of our body’s bones, they are no doubt essential in our everyday activities. According to Dr. Kurt Rode from Saint Francis Hospital, “75% of Americans will experience foot health problems at one time or another in their lives,” and your feet support up to three or four times your body’s weight when you run. Women are also 4 times more likely to have foot problems than men. To prepare for the summer, Dr. Rode recommends protecting your feet when going to places like the pool, beach, public areas, and to include your feet when applying sunscreen. Exercise often, stay hydrated, and limit barefoot walking in hot weather.

Every day foot care is very important, especially for those that are lacking the proper foot care resources. For more information about everyday foot care, see Dr. Edwin S. Hart of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Every Day Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bethelehem, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everyday Foot Care

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